Working Papers

Doing Business in Bolivia: a case study in the Andean regulatory framework

By: Jorge Ignacio Del Castillo Machicado La Paz, april 2020 Abstract This article researches on the evolution of the business regulatory framework of Bolivia from 2006 to 2017 and its relationship with the country’s Labor productivity, Total Factor Productivity, and its Informal Economy size. To do this, it analyzes the …

Leer más »

Coworking Spaces in La Paz, Bolivia: Urban Effects and Potential Creation of New Opportunities for Local Economic Development

By: Lucas DuPriest La Paz, december 2019 Abstract This paper investigates the location patterns of coworking spaces, the effects of coworking spaces on the local and urban context, and coworking spaces potential opportunities for the creation of local economic development, issues that have been neglected in a Bolivian context by …

Leer más »

Natural gas pricing GSA Bolivia – Brazil using virtual hub and expected monetary value instruments

By: Jorge L. Gumucio Sergio M. Medinaceli La Paz, november 2019 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to show the shortcomings of incentive policies, specifically competitiveness, if they are designed without considering fundamentals of market development such as, level of demand, level of investment, and availability of alternative sources …

Leer más »

¿Cuán importante es el empleo exportador en Bolivia?

By: Beatriz Muriel H. Alejandra Terán O.  La Paz, november 2019 Abstract The study analyzes – direct and indirect – export employment in Bolivia, using information from both the national accounts of 2005, 2011 and 2014 and the population and housing censuses. The most important result is that the export …

Leer más »

El Progreso Social en Bolivia: Un Análisis Departamental

By: Luis Fernando Serrudo Carlos Gustavo Machicado Juan Cristobal Birbuet Abstract: This study calculates the Social Progress Index (SPI) for the 9 Departments of Bolivia during the period 2012–2016. The indicators have been calculated by using secondary information from official sources. We observe that the Departments of Santa Cruz and …

Leer más »

The Biological Standard of Living in Urban Bolivia, 1880S – 1920S: Stagnation and Persistent Inequality

By: Boris Branisa José Peres – Cajías Nigel Caspa Abstract: Based on almost 5.000 direct observations on National Identification Cards, this paper offers the first estimation of the evolution of average heights in urban Bolivia for the decades 1880s-1920s. The analysis focuses on men aged 19-50 years registered in the …

Leer más »

Disparidades Geográficas vs Disparidades en Habilidades de Mujeres Casadas en Ciudades Latinoamericanas: Un Modelo Teórico

By: Paola L. Montero Ledezma Abstract While more married women in cities are part of the workforce, are they doing the jobs for which they have been prepared? How are the wages of this sector of the population formed? How does the spouse/partner’s income or commuting costs affect their employment …

Leer más »

Setting an example? Spillover effects of Peruvian Magnet Schools

By: Alejandro Herrera Mariel Bedoya Bruno Gonzaga Karen Espinoza Abstract In this paper we use a Multi-Cutoff Fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Design to evaluate spillover effects of students enrolled into Peruvian public magnet schools, Colegios de Alto Rendimiento (COAR), on educational outcomes of younger students in their schools of origin. Using …

Leer más »

De las Causas Próximas a las Causas Profundas del Crecimiento Económico de Bolivia entre 1950 y 2015

By:   Abstract   This paper analyzes Bolivia’s long-term economic growth between 1950 and 2015, identifying its proximate causes through a growth accounting exercise, which considers the direct and indirect effects of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) on GDP per worker. The novelty is that the measurement of TFP that is …

Leer más »

Efecto de la inversión extranjera en el dinamismo macro-económico: un análisis empírico para Bolivia

By: Martin Vallejos Tarqui Shirley Navia Cáceres Abstract This study analyses the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) effects on the macroeconomic dynamics of Bolivi-an economy. For this purpose, a Structural Vector Autoregression model (SVAR) is used. The results show the expected signs according to economic theory, which implies a positive effect …

Leer más »

Fluctuaciones Cíclicas y Cambios de Régimen en la Economía Boliviana: Un Análisis Estructural a partir de un Modelo DSGE

By:  David Zeballos Coria Juan Carlos Heredia Gómez Paola Yujra Tonconi  Abstract The objective of this paper is to evaluate the cyclical behavior of the Bolivian economy based on a Markov-Switching Dynamic General Equilibrium model (MS-DSGE). Using a model for a small open economy, with monetary targeting and foreign-exchange intervention, …

Leer más »

Descentralización en Bolivia: Eficacia y Externalidades

By: Darwin Ugarte Ontiveros Osmar Bolivar Rosales Abstract This document aims to analyze empirically the effectiveness of decentralization in Bolivia. Effectiveness is understood as the capacity of local administration to cover its local needs. The research measures the effect of the central government’s local investment (the Bolivia Cambia program) on …

Leer más »

Análisis de la Desigualdad de Largo Plazo en Bolivia, 1976-2012

By: Luis Fernando Castro Peñarrieta Gustavo Zárate Taborga Valeria Salinas Maceda   Abstract Inequality in Bolivia is normally measured through income. However, the construction of a socio-economic index (ISE), using the four available censuses 1976, 1992, 2001 and 2012, permits to analyze inequality in long-term as well as under a …

Leer más »

Rent-seeking en un Entorno de Alta Dependencia de Recursos Naturales: El caso de Bolivia

By: Bernardo X. Fernández Marcelo Gantier Martín Palmero La Paz, September 2018 Abstract Between 2006 and 2014, Bolivia experimented an economic boom period driven mainly by high international prices of commodities. Paradoxically, in the same period, social demands increased and concerns related to the high levels of corruption in public …

Leer más »

Las Características y el Desarrollo de la Economía Popular Un Modelo Formal con Evidencia Etnográfica

By: Joaquín Morales Valeria Salinas La Paz, September 2018 Abstract We explore reasons underlying the economic prosperity of certain popular merchants in Bolivia. Even if economics often associates popular merchants with poor economic performance and low productivity, anthropological evidence shows the existence of large fortunes in the bolivian popular economy …

Leer más »

Fortalecimiento institucional y expansión del crédito mediante el uso de TICs en Entidades Financieras Comunales en Bolivia

By: Boris Branisa C. Carlos Gustavo Machicado S. Mario Marcelo Arduz R. Abstract This document analyzes the implementation of a financial system (software) for the Community Financial Institutions (CFEs) carried out between 2011 and 2012. The system was a set of financial modules that facilitated the administration of information and …

Leer más »

Mortalidad neonatal en el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia: desigualdades territoriales en el acceso a los servicios de salud

By: Inés Valeria Lagrava León La Paz, February 2018 Abstract Despite the efforts made to reduce neonatal mortality in the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and the implementation of the Universal Maternal and Child Health Insurance (SUMI), the data reveal that progress has been slower than achieved in terms of reducing …

Leer más »

Global Value Chains: The case of Bolivia

By: Beatriz Muriel Hernández & Alejandro Herrera J. La Paz, December 2017 Abstract This paper analyzes Bolivian Global Value Chains (GVC) for 2002, 2005 and 2011, using the Vertical Specialization Index (EV) of  Hummels et al. (2001) and the measure of Upstreamness of Antràs y Chor (2011) (cited by Antràs et …

Leer más »

Targeting credit through community members

By: Diego A. Vera-Cossio November 30, 2017 Abstract Delegating the allocation of public resources to community members is an increasingly popular form of delivering development programs and are associated with a tradeoff between improved information about potential beneficiaries and favoritism towards local elites. Unlike targeting cash transfers to the poor, the optimal …

Leer más »

Outliers in semi-parametric Estimation of Treatment Effects

By: Darwin Ugarte Ontiveros, Gustavo Canavire-Bacarreza and Luis Castro Peñarrieta October 2017 Abstract Average treatment effects estimands can present significant bias under the presence of outliers. Moreover, outliers can be particularly hard to detect, creating bias and inconsistency in the semi-parametric ATE estimads. In this paper, we use Monte Carlo simulations to demonstrate …

Leer más »

Bolivia’s Green National Accounts through a Commodity Super Cycle

By: Luis Carlos Jemio, Lykke E. Andersen & Agnes Medinaceli La Paz, October 2017 Abstract: This paper calculates and analyzes key indicators from Bolivia’s Green National Accounts during the period 1990 – 2015, which covers an entire Commodity Super Cycle. The first half includes the Great Commodities Depression while the second half of …

Leer más »

Measuring Equality of Opportunity in Early Childhood: A methodological proposal using Demographic and Health Surveys

By: Lykke E. Andersen, Augustus Griffin, Justus J. Krause &  Gabriel Orduña Montekio La Paz, October 2017 Abstract: There is conceptually a big difference between inequality of opportunity and inequality of outcomes, and the policies needed to address the two different kinds of inequality are also very different. However, it is difficult to …

Leer más »

Environmental Accounts of the Pando Department in Bolivia: Application of the Product Input Approach at sub-national level

By: Johnny Suxo La Paz, octubre de 2017 Resumen La estimación de las cuentas ambientales a nivel subnacional es importante en Bolivia, debido a la heterogénea distribución espacial de los activos ambientales en el territorio nacional, en particular para departamentos de escasa diversificación productiva, donde la extracción de recursos naturales …

Leer más »

A Vulnerability Research Framework for the Development of Early Warning Systems for Floods

Erica Tauzer, Mercy J. Borbor-Cordova, Telmo de la Cuadra, Susana del Granado, Carol Franco-Bellini, Carlos Medina, Jhoyzette Mendoza, Moory M. Romero-Fernandez, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra La Paz, September 2017   Abstract Flood risk is increasing in urban areas due to increased population and urban development, a changing climate, coastal subsidence, and …

Leer más »

Early Flood Warning Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Three Latin American Countries

Susana del Granado, Anna Stewart, Mercy Borbor, Carol Franco, Erica Tauzer, Moory Romero Resumen Los países de América Latina y el Caribe estan afectados por eventos climáticos extremos. En República Dominicana, Ecuador y Bolivia existe un incremento en el riesgo a sucesos extremos en general y a inundaciones en particular. …

Leer más »

Emisiones Netas de Carbono Provenientes de la Deforestación en Bolivia durante 1990-2000 y 2000-2010: Resultados de un modelo de “Contabilidad de Carbono”

RESUMEN Este documento de investigación estima las emisiones netas de carbono provenientes del cambio en el uso de tierra en Bolivia durante los periodos 1990 – 2000 y 2000 – 2010 utilizando un modelo de contabilidad de carbono que incluye deforestación, degradación de bosques, regeneración de bosques, descomposición y recomposición …

Leer más »

Decentralization and Poverty Reduction in Bolivia: Challenges and Opportunities

ABTRACT This paper presents an analysis of the decentralization process that has been taking place in Bolivia over the last couple of decades. It starts with a review of the legal framework that determines the distribution of responsibilities and financial resources to the sub-national governments (9 departments and 339 municipalities), …

Leer más »

An Experimental Game on Entrepreneurship and Labour Protection Policy

Abstract We developed a game, in the line of experimental economics, using an expected utility framework, applied to 108 participants. Specifically, we evaluated the hypothesis that, facing uncertainty over potential employees’ skills, employers prefer a flexible labour policy rather than a protectionist one, and when the option of flexible labour …

Leer más »

Un Juego Experimental sobre Emprendedurismo y Políticas de Protección Laboral

RESUMEN En la investigación se desarrolla un juego, dentro de la línea de economía experimental, utilizando un esquema de utilidad esperada, que es aplicado a 108 participantes. En particular, se busca evaluar la premisa de que, frente a un escenario de incertidumbre sobre las habilidades de los trabajadores a contratar, …

Leer más »

The Bounty of the Sea and Long-Run Development

ABTRACT What is the long run impact on development from differences in subsistence strategies during pre-industrial times? Whereas this question has been explored from the point of view of agriculture, remarkably little attention has been paid to the complementary strategy of relying on marine resources. As a step towards closing …

Leer más »

Pobreza, Ingresos Laborales y Trabajo en Bolivia

RESUMEN El presente trabajo de investigación busca contextualizar la pobreza monetaria en Bolivia y, a partir de aquí, establecer la importancia de la situación laboral de los trabajadores del hogar. Las estimaciones muestran que la pobreza ha disminuido de manera importante entre 1999 y 2012; siendo más significativo -en términos …

Leer más »

Cycles versus Trends: The Effects of Economic Growth on Earnings in Bolivia

ABSTRACT This paper analyzes the effects of economic growth on labor earnings in Bolivia during 1999-2012. More precisely, we develop a labor market model to capture both cycle and trend effects of prices, and production on earnings, which is estimated econometrically using pseudo-panel data methods. The results show that labor …

Leer más »

Capacitación como componente de desarrollo productivo en las microempresas: El Caso de la FEDEMYPE Santa Cruz

RESUMEN Las MYPES son una parte importante de la economía nacional, los microempresarios identifican a la falta de capacitación como un factor determinante para mejorar su productividad; sin embargo, cuando se les pregunta qué tipo de capacitación necesitan, no existe consenso sobre sus necesidades. El presente estudio de caso busca …

Leer más »

Social institutions and gender inequality in fragile states: are they relevant for the post-MDG debate?

ABSTRACT We focus on an issue that appears particularly relevant for fragile states and which has received little attention: social institutions related to gender inequality, defined as societal practices and legal norms that frame gender roles and the distribution of power between men and women in the family, market, and …

Leer más »

Análisis de contexto de la situación productiva y laboral de Cochabamba

RESUMEN La presente investigación indaga en las características productivas y laborales de la economía departamental de Cochabamba y de su región metropolitana, a partir del uso de información del Censo 2012 y datos del INE para el periodo 2004-2013. Con base en este objetivo, el estudio centra su atención en …

Leer más »

Flujos físicos y monetarios relacionados a los recursos hídricos en las ciudades de La Paz y El Alto

RESUMEN El propósito de este documento es coadyuvar a hacer un uso sostenible del agua en las ciudades de La Paz y el Alto, identificando los puntos donde la economía de estas ciudades ejerce mayor presión sobre este recurso y las necesidades de intervención. Con este fin, hicimos una radiografía …

Leer más »

Formación para el trabajo en Bolivia: La paradoja de un país extractivo

RESUMEN ¿Ayuda la existencia de recursos extractivos a la formación de recursos humanos, concretamente a la formación técnica? La evidencia empírica es poco concluyente. Para el caso de Bolivia se muestra que la actividad extractiva sin agregación de valor, no genera demanda por personas calificadas y por tanto no emite señales claras hacia …

Leer más »

An agriculture-focused, regionally disaggregated SAM for Mexico 2008

ABSTRACT This paper describes the construction of a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the Mexican economy for year 2008. It presents the methodology and data sources used, assumptions made, criteria adopted to disaggregate the SAM’s accounts and the main results obtained. The Mexico SAM was built as the main data …

Leer más »

Regional development, income distribution and gender in Bolivia: Insights from a 2012 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) and Multiplier Analysis

ABSTRACT This paper describes the construction of the most detailed, openly accessible Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Bolivia to date. In addition to allowing for “standard” socio-economic analysis common for SAMs – like assessing the linkages between production, factor income distribution and households’ incomes and expenditures – the SAM presented …

Leer más »

Desafíos del Sistema Educativo Boliviano

ABSTRACT Este estudio analiza los desafíos que confronta el sistema educativo boliviano, que son necesarios abordar para que el país pueda reducir las brechas existentes en relación a los demás países de la región, que han alcanzado un mayor desarrollo y bienestar. Bolivia presenta brechas significativas en cuanto al nivel …

Leer más »

Gender and Climate Change in Latin America: An analysis of vulnerability, adaptation and resilience based on household surveys

ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes gender differences in vulnerability and resilience to shocks, including climate change and climate variability, for Peru, Brazil and Mexico, which together account for more than half the population in Latin America. Vulnerability and resilience indicators are measured by a combination of the level of household incomes …

Leer más »

Gender, Ethnicity and Climate Change in Mexico: An analysis of vulnerability and resilience based on household surveys

ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes gender and ethnic differences in vulnerability and resilience to external shocks and stresses in Mexico. Vulnerability and resilience are measured by a combination of the level of household incomes per capita and the degree of diversification of these incomes. Thus, households which have poorly diversified incomes …

Leer más »

Cuando las Mujeres son las que Mandan: Efecto del Ahorro en el Empoderamiento de la Mujer Boliviana

ABSTRACT La presente investigacion contribuye con evidencia acerca del efecto del ahorro en cuatro medidas de empoderamiento femenino. Estimamos un modelo de tratamiento endogeno para el acceso a ahorro en el sistema formal en 2004 utilizando como variable de exclusion el numero de agencias de servicios nancieros por cada 1.000 habitantes a nivel …

Leer más »

¿Es Posible Construir Beneficios Mutuos entre Comunidades y Empresas Mineras?: El Caso San Cristóbal

RESUMEN El documento ─basado en la metodología de estudios de caso─ analiza los procesos de negociación y acuerdos entre la explotación minería privada y las comunidades implicadas en el pueblo de San Cristóbal y regiones aledañas, mostrando que es posible generar juegos cooperativos entre los actores involucrados con ganancias netas …

Leer más »

Globalization, Peace & Stability, Governance, and Knowledge Economy

ABSTRACT A previous analysis of the impact of formal institutions on the knowledge economy of 22 Middle-Eastern and Sub-Sahara African countries during the 1996-2010 time period concluded that formal institutions were necessary, but inadequate, determinants of the knowledge economy. To extend that study, this paper claims that globalization induces peace …

Leer más »

Wage Differentials: Trade Openness and Wage Bargaining

ABSTRACT We build a theoretical model that incorporates unionization in the labor market into a Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) framework to investigate the impact of unionization on the Stolper-Samuelson Theorem. To capture the American economy case, we assume that unskilled labor in the manufactured goods sector is unionized, and that sector is intensive in skilled …

Leer más »

Information technologies and provision of national identification cards by the Bolivian Police: Evidence from two randomized natural field experiments

ABSTRACT: This paper investigates the potential of information technologies to improve public service delivery and empower citizens in the context of two unusual randomized natural experiments occurring within one particular bureaucratic process: the renewal of a national identication card by the Bolivian Police. The rst experiment arises from the random assignment of both …

Leer más »

Construyendo resiliencia ante shocks adversos: Factores y estrategias asociadas a la vulnerabilidad y la resiliencia

RESUMEN Este documento presenta una metodología para medir la diversificación de los medios de vida de los hogares. Esta medida, junto a los niveles de ingresos de los hogares, nos permite clasificarlos según la vulnerabilidad que estos pudieran tener. Aplicamos análisis de regresión para detectar los factores y estrategias asociadas …

Leer más »

Understanding and Information Failures in Insurance: Evidence from India

ABSTRACT: This paper is an attempt to understand the factors behind low contract renewal rates frequently observed in insurance programs in poor countries. This is done on the basis of the experience of a microinsurance health program in India. We show that deficient information about the insurance product and the …

Leer más »

Impact of natural disaster on public sector corruption

ABSTRACT: This paper uses inter-country panel data obtained during the period 1990–2010 to examine how the occurrence of natural disasters has affected corruption within the public sector. There are a number of new findings from this study. (1) Disaster with the large amount of damage increase corruption not only for …

Leer más »

The Impact of Formal Institutions on Knowledge Economy

ABSTRACT: Using Kauffman, Kraay, and Mastruzzi governance indicators, this article analyzes the impact of formal institutions on the knowledge economy- by assessing how the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) through good governance mechanisms affects the knowledge economy. The article also employs the World Bank’s four components of the knowledge …

Leer más »

A Measurement of the Carbon Sequestration Potential of Guadua Angustifolia in the Carrasco National Park, Bolivia

ABSTRACT: The carbon sequestration potential of an unmanaged and previously unstudied Guadua angustifolia bamboo forest in the Carrasco National Park of Bolivia has been studied, by estimating the total aboveground biomass contained in the forest. It was found that the aboveground biomass consisting of stems, branches, and foliage, contains a …

Leer más »

Problematizing the Effect of Rural-Urban Linkages on Food Security and Malnutrition in Guatemala´s Western Highlands

ABSTRACT: Strong rural-urban linkages are increasingly seen as key to achieving sustainable livelihoods and food security in developing countries. However, not all linkages are positive and, although this is recognised in literature, few explore their potential unfavourable characteristics. Based on twelve weeks fieldwork in Guatemala this paper aims to contribute …

Leer más »

Building Resilence against Adverse Shocks: What are the determinants of vulnerability and resilence?

ABSTRACT: This paper proposes a simple way to measure livelihood diversification, and uses this measure together with income levels to classify Bolivian households by level of vulnerability. Regression analysis is then carried out to determine the factors and strategies associated with high resilience or high vulnerability. The results show that …

Leer más »

Global dynamic timelines for IPRS harmonization

Abstract This paper employs a recent methodological innovation on intellectual property rights (IPRs) harmonization to project global timelines for common policies against business software piracy. The findings on 99 countries are premised on 15 fundamental characteristics of software piracy based on income-levels (high- ncome, lower-middle-income, upper-middle-income and low-income), legal-origins (English …

Leer más »

Empleo y Regulación Laboral: Análisis Empírico de Las Firmas Manufactureras Bolivianas, 1988-2007

Abstract: El estudio analiza el empleo en las empresas manufactureras registradas bolivianas durante 1988-2007, estableciendo su relación con la regulación laboral a partir de indicadores de flujos y funciones de demanda. Los flujos de empleo muestran que las empresas con altas tasas de trabajadores temporales, comparativamente con aquellos permanentes asalariados, …

Leer más »

Does Licensing Induce Technological Spillovers to Domestic Firms?

Abstract Productivity differences can explain differences in economic growth across countries. It has been demonstrated that the presence of a foreign-owned multinational enterprise (MNE) in a developing country is one of the most important methods through which technology transfer occurs. This presence could be in the form of foreign direct …

Leer más »

Peer Effects in Risk Aversion

Abstract Using data on Uruguayan adolescents, we estimate peer effects in risk attitudes. Relative risk aversion is elicited in an experimental setting. Identification is based on parents not being able to choose the class within the school of their choice. After controlling for school-grade fixed effect and addressing endogeneity due …

Leer más »

Fighting software piracy: Which governance tools matter in Africa?

Abstract: This article integrates previously missing components of government quality into the governance-piracy nexus in exploring governance mechanisms by which global obligations for the treatment of IPRs are effectively transmitted from international to the national level in the battle against piracy. It assesses the best governance tools in the fight …

Leer más »

News, Noise, and Fluctuations: An Empirical Exploration

Abstract: We explore empirically models of aggregate fluctuations with two basic ingredients: agents form anticipations about the future based on noisy sources of information and these anticipations affect spending and output in the short run. Our objective is to separate fluctuations due to actual changes in fundamentals (news) from those due to temporary errors …

Leer más »

Exportaciones y Empleo en Bolivia

Abstract: La investigación analiza el desempeño de las exportaciones en Bolivia a la luz de los empleos que genera, directos e indirectos, con los siguientes resultados destacables: i) la creación de fuentes laborales se ha concentrado en los bienes no tradicionales ya que son intensivos en este factor de producción; …

Leer más »

Employment and Labor Regulation: Evidence from Manufacturing Firms in Bolivia, 1988-2007

Abstract: This paper analyzes employment in Bolivian registered manufacturing firms during 1988 to 2007, establishing its relationship with labor regulation. Estimating job flows, we find that firms with high temporary worker rates (less labor regulation costs) are those with both higher job reallocation rates and higher net employment growth, and …

Leer más »

Bureaucratic delay, local-level monitoring, and delivery of small infrastructure projects: Evidence from a field experiment in Bolivia

ABSTRACT: This paper examines bureaucratic delay within the allocation of small infrastructure projects by sub municipal governments in Bolivia, and it presents a randomized eld experiment designed to improve public service delivery by promoting voice, transparency, and accountability among grassroots organizations. The experiment consists of randomly providing sub municipal governments …

Leer más »

Impactos socio-económicos y ambientales de compensaciones por la reducción de emisiones de deforestación en Bolivia: Resultados del modelo OSIRIS-Bolivia

Bolivia tiene un gran potencial para mitigar el cambio climático a través de la reducción de la deforestación. Mientras que las posibles complicaciones han sido intensamente debatidas, se ha realizado poco análisis cuantitativo al respecto. Introducimos el modelo OSIRIS-Bolivia con el fin de crear una base cuantitativa para la toma …

Leer más »

Influence of age of child on differences in life satisfaction of males and females: A comparative study among East Asian countries

ABSTRACT: Using individual-level data for China,South Korea, and Japan for2006, this research examines how life satisfaction for married males and femalesin East Asian countries isinfluenced bythe age of theirchildren. Our results show that the life satisfaction of males is barely affected by a child of the relationship, whereas the life …

Leer más »

Productivity, Structural Change, and Latin American Development

ABSTRACT: We calibrate a simple neoclassical model of structural transformation to a set of Latin American countries and show that slow growth in agricultural productivity can substantially delay the development process and result in signicant dierences in per capita incomes. Some of our results indicate that low agricultural productivity delayed …

Leer más »

Environmental and socio-economic consequences of forest carbon payments in Bolivia: Results of the OSIRIS-Bolivia model

ABSTRACT: Bolivia has significant potential to abate climate change by reducing deforestation. This opportunity presents economic and environmental tradeoffs. While these tradeoffs have been hotly debated, they have as yet been the subject of little quantitative analysis. We introduce the OSIRIS-Bolivia model to provide a quantitative basis for decision-making. OSIRIS-Bolivia …

Leer más »

Earthquakes and Economic Growth

ABSTRACT: This study explores the economic consequences of earthquakes. In particular, it is investigated how exposure to earthquakes afects economic growth both across and within countries. The key result of the empirical analysis is that while there are no observable efects at the country level, earthquake exposure signicantly decreases 5-year …

Leer más »

Espacio y Desarrollo Municipal en Bolivia

ABSTRACT: La economía regional ha sido hasta ahora considerada en la literatura sobre desarrollo económico e inversión en Bolivia, sin embargo, en la mayoría de los trabajos no se había tomado en cuenta la posibilidad de existencia de autocorrelación espacial; es decir, que el valor observado en un sitio depende …

Leer más »

Towards Universalism? The Obstructed Process Of Healthcare Reform In Bolivia

ABSTRACT: In this article a process-tracing approach is used to explore how different factors have contributed to the development of healthcare policy in Bolivia, in light of the current proposal to introduce a unified public healthcare system. The main findings are that although international relations and state bureaucrats have been …

Leer más »

Matriculacion y trabajo infantil en Bolivia

ABSTRACT: El presente documento contribuye con evidencia acerca del impacto ex-post al programa de transferencias condicionales Bono Juancito Pinto en las escuelas públicas de Bolivia. Con el fin de identificar correctamente a los potenciales beneficiarios y evitar problemas de endogeneidad y sesgo de selección, se evalúa el efecto del anuncio …

Leer más »

Agricultura y Empleo Rural Agropecuario en Bolivia

ABSTRACT: Los controles de precios son medidas que pueden afectar considerablemente a los sectores sujetos a dichas políticas. Mediante un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico estocastico con dos tipos de agentes: campesinos y citadinos, calibrado para Bolivia, se muestra que ante caidas en la productividad del sector agropecuario, el empleo …

Leer más »

Foreign Aid – A Fillip for Development or a Fuel for Corruption?

ABSTRACT: We present an analysis of the effects of foreign aid on economic development when the quality of governance may be compromised by corruption. The analysis is based on a dynamic general equilibrium model in which growth is driven by capital accumulation and public policy is administered by government-appointed bureaucrats. …

Leer más »

Costos laborales, economia informal y reformas a la legistacion laboral en Bolivia

ABSTRACT: Se desarrolla y ajusta un modelo de equilibrio general dinamico y estocastico con 2 sectores, el formal y el informal, para la economia boliviana. El objetivo del modelo es evaluar los impactos de las ultimas reformas laborales sobre el empleo, los salarios y el producto. En concreto, analizo el …

Leer más »

La Quinua: Una Opción para Mejorar los Ingresos Rurales en Bolivia

ABSTRACT: La presente investigación analiza la producción de la quinua como una opción para mejorar los ingresos rurales del Altiplano de Bolivia; dado que, por un lado, el grano se armoniza óptimamente a las costumbres y tradiciones laborales y familiares de los habitantes de ésta región y, por otro lado, …

Leer más »

Rethinking Earnings Determinants in the Urban Areas of Bolivia

ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the factors that explain earnings in levels and inequality in the urban areas of Bolivia, considering not only the usual individual characteristics (education, experience, gender, and ethnicity) but also firm characteristics. Given the information available at the firm level in the household surveys, two simple models …

Leer más »

Determinants of Economic Growth in Bric Countries

ABSTRACT: We study economic growth in four emerging economies – Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC). Questions addressed are: (a) How do medium term growth determinants differ from short term determinants? (b) What are differences between growth effects of aggregate versus disaggregated exports? And (c) Does lower institutional quality hinder …

Leer más »

Bolivian Sub-National Revenues: a Review

ABSTRACT: This papers reviews main topics concerning sub-national revenues (intergovernmental transfers and taxes) and discusses some policy options to develop own sub-national revenues. The review covers the political-legal framework and the fiscal outcomes, finding that: i) intergovernmental transfers policies have expanded over time, generating inequity problems, principally at the departmental …

Leer más »

Depressive mood and children: Europe and South Korea

ABSTRACT: Using data for the third wave from the European Social Survey (ESS) and the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (K-NHANES), this research examines the relationship between having children at home and depression among men and women aged 18-75 years. Multilevel and probit regression models are applied. …

Leer más »

Diversificación del campo de la Educación Superior y las Universidades

ABSTRACT: El presente documento busca de manera indicativa explicitar algunos elementos conceptuales y prácticos para construir el problema acerca del tema, pues la diversidad de ángulos desde donde se lo aborda da la impresión de que el problema mismo no está conceptualizado de manera homogénea. En ese sentido, la reflexión …

Leer más »

Convergence Clubs in Latin America: A Historical Approach

Literature on convergence among Latin American countries is still scarce compared to other regions. Almost none of the research connects convergence to the economic history of Latin America and the usual finding is one speed of convergence assuming one globally stable steady-state. In this paper I analyze 32 countries and …

Leer más »

Aporte de los Servicios Ecosistémicos Silvícolas a la Economía Boliviana

ABSTRACT: El presente estudio estima el aporte de los servicios ecosistémicos a la economía y al PIB del sector de Silvicultura, Caza y Pesca, usando dos metodologías complementarias. La primera basada en el Manual de Cuentas Nacionales que considera que el capital natural y específicamente su renta forma parte del …

Leer más »

Insights from Bolivias Green National Accounts

ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present paper is to demonstrate the usefulness of Green National Accounting by drawing out some interesting insights from the Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounts recently elaborated by the Institute for Advanced Development Studies for the case of Bolivia. The paper uses the Green National Accounts …

Leer más »

Cuentas Medioambientales para Bolivia, 1990-2008

ABSTRACT: El presente documento resume el enfoque teórico utilizado, metodología aplicada, supuestos empleados, resultados obtenidos y principales conclusiones arribadas en el cálculo de las Cuentas Medioambientales para Bolivia. El objetivo es el de medir la contribución del medioambiente a la generación del ingreso y del producto, así como el determinar …

Leer más »

Inflationary memory as restrictive factor of the impact of the public expense in the economic growth: lessons from high inflation Latin American countries using an innovative inflationary memory indicator

ABSTRACT: A new inflationary memory indicator was developed and applied here. A panel was built with the selected countries considering the economic growth as dependent variable in function of the convergence hypothesis, the inflation rate, the public expense and, the recursive variance of the inflation (VARINF) as inflationary memory indicator. …

Leer más »

The Impact of Internet Use on Individual Earnings in Latin America

ABSTRACT: This paper uses matching techniques to examine the impact of internet use on individual earnings in six Latin American countries using recent household surveys data. Given their different internet use patterns and their implications, the analysis is done for salaried and self-employed workers separately. While salaried worker users mainly …

Leer más »

Effects of the Global Financial and Economic Crisis on the Bolivian Economy: A CGE Approach

ABSTRACT: This paper analyses the impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Bolivian economy. The PEP 1-1 Standard Model has been employed to analyze the effects of a reduction in (i) the world export prices of mining and agriculture, (ii) the world demand of textiles, and (iii) transfers to …

Leer más »

Social Impacts of Climate Change in Mexico: A municipality level analysis of the effects of recent and future climate change on human development and inequality

ABSTRACT: This paper uses municipality level data to estimate the general relationships between climate, income and child mortality in Mexico. Climate was found to play only a very minor role in explaining the large differences in income levels and child mortality rates observed in Mexico. This implies that Mexico is …

Leer más »

Social Impacts of Climate Change in Brazil: A municipal level analysis of the effects of recent and future climate change on income, health and inequality

ABSTRACT: The paper uses data from 5,507 municipalities in Brazil to estimate the relationships between climate and income as well as climate and health, and then uses the estimated relationships to gauge the effects of past and future climate change on income levels and life expectancy in each of these …

Leer más »

Determinantes de los Ingresos Laborales en las Zonas Urbanas de Bolivia

ABSTRACT: La investigación analiza los determinantes de los ingresos laborales en las zonas urbanas de Bolivia. Además de considerar los usuales “factores de oferta” como factores explicativos — educación, experiencia, género y etnia, aporta a la literatura empírica al tomar en cuenta también las características productivas de las firmas. La …

Leer más »

Mercado Laboral y Reformas en Bolivia

ABSTRACT: El estudio presenta un panorama de las reformas sociales y económicas implementadas en Bolivia desde 1985, en su relación e incidencia con el funcionamiento del mercado de trabajo. Inicialmente, se destaca la efectividad de las llamadas Reformas Estructurales, aplicadas durante 1985-2005, en la generación de la estabilidad macroeconómica; en …

Leer más »

The changing role of the international community in the MDG achievement in Bolivia

ABSTRACT: Millennium Development Goal number 8 (MDG8) concerns those external flows (Official Development Assistance, trade and debt relief) that ought to help developing countries achieve the MDGs by 2015. This paper reviews the role of these MDG8-related external flows in the case of Bolivia. Riding on high international prices for …

Leer más »

Public Expenditure Policy in Bolivia: Growth and Welfare

ABSTRACT: It has been widely documented that fiscal policy can promote economic growth, when it is based on an efficient provision of pubic capital. But little work has been done, in Bolivia, in relation to the macroeconomic and sectoral impacts of increasing public investment in infrastructure. This paper develops a …

Leer más »

Is Corruption Really Bad for Inequality? Evidence from Latin America

ABSTRACT: This paper presents new evidence on the relationship between corruption and income inequality. Using a panel data methodology, we find that lower corruption is associated with higher income inequality in Latin America. This result is in contrast to other empirical studies but it makes sense in Latin America for …

Leer más »

Trabajo No Agrícola de las Familias Rurales en Bolivia: Un Análisis de Determinantes y Efectos

ABSTRACT: Este documento analiza la oferta de trabajo no agrícola de los hogares rurales en Bolivia. Se muestra que aproximadamente el 50% de todos los hogares en el área rural complementan sus ingresos a través del trabajo no agrícola, pero esta actividad ocurre con más frecuencia en los hogares en …

Leer más »

Facebook

Twitter

LinkedId