Mapeo de posibles instrumentos de Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicaciones para la producción de quinua en el altiplano boliviano

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By:

Sheila C. Muriel H.

La Paz, july 2022

Abstract

The Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) existing in agriculture present diverse characteristics and serve multiple purposes; information systems, wireless sensors, drones, etc., are used for the care of resources such as soil and water, the improvement and monitoring of crops and the prevention of risks, among others.

From this wide spectrum of possibilities, the mapping of possible ICT tools for quinoa producers in the Bolivian highlands is carried out, a subset of tools framed according to the needs and ICT skills of the producers, the feasibility of their implementation, availability, etc.; In order to recognize the viability of said tools, a sweep of information is carried out on the growing technology and/or in use at a global, regional level, until reaching the sector of interest considering its availability at a regional level, respecting the way of cultivation of producers and that do not negatively affect the organic quality of quinoa to preserve its mention of origin among others.

In the schematization of the mapping, the Supply Chain Process with its basic components is taken as a basis: supplies, production and distribution; seeking to have the perspective of a system, not only of its components, but also the interaction between them and the influences of their environment.

The tools presented can be summarized under two perspectives: tools that manage information (such as information systems) and tools that collect information (such as drones, sensors and Radio Frequency Identification technology -RFID-).

Keywords: Information and Communication Technologies (TIC), agrotech, agritech, agtech, crop monitoring, Information Systems.

JEL Classification: O30, O33, Q16.

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